One of the number one ways that pharmacist can help patients is by counseling them on their medications. Side effects of a medication is something that almost every patient is concerned about before taking a new medication. Antipsychotics, treatment for Schizophrenia, have a large side effect profile. Sedation, sexual dysfunction, and extrapyramidal symptoms are some of the side effects patients can experience from these medications. This studies aim was to see whether or not the number of patients that reported side effects from their antipsychotic medication increase after being counseled by a healthcare provider. Nonadherence is a big problem that often leads to hospitalization of a patient. Nonadherence is often caused by patients experiencing a side effect but they are not counseled as to whether or not they were supposed to expect that side effect. This leads to the patient discontinuing the medication without properly talking to a provider.
The study was conducted by taking a survey to assess whether or not a patient was experiencing side effect symptoms from their antipsychotic medication. The patient had to report whether or not they experienced side effects from their medication. The study was conducted at two inpatient settings in Japan which ae the Sawa Hospital and the Hokuto Clinic Hospital. The study was conducted with 87 patients. Before the patients were counseled on their medications, 24 of the 87 patients reported experiencing side effects compared to the 60 patients that had reported that they experienced side effects after the counseling session. These numbers show that patients do not always know that they are experiencing side effects from their medication. It is important to counsel patients before they pick up their medication so that they know what to expect. It is also important to be available to patients all the time so that they can have their unanswered questions answered. Creating a comfortable trusting environment is also important when it comes to accurate retrieval of information. This study shows the importance pharmacist have on patients therapy outcomes.