Opioid abuse has become a ubiquitous problem in the United States, one that leads to violence, pilfering, negligence, and all of the other vices associated with drug abuse. A unique aspect of painkiller abuse is the fact that the drugs are often obtained illegally from medical professionals instead of shady street corner dealers. Studying the patterns of opioid abuse are crucial to understanding the role that healthcare providers, especially pharmacists, can play in stopping this epidemic.
This particular study produced two interestingly yet insightfully contradictory results. It found that nonmedical use of prescription opioids decreased over the duration of this study, but the prevalence of prescription opioid use disorders increased. This means that although recreational use of prescription opioids is decreasing in popularity (albeit likely more due to the increased availability of heroin in recent years than any sort of anti-drug abuse policy), the symptoms of abuse are increasing in frequency. Essentially, people are still abusing prescription opioids at increasing rates, they either do so under the veil of a false or obsolete diagnosis, or they truly have an abuse problem relating to the severity of the pain which they experience.
This study highlights the immense importance which the pharmacists and physicians have in preventing and alleviating prescription drug abuse. Abuse through medically prescribed opioids is often preventable, and can be prevented by playing an active role in counseling patients on these risky drugs. Pharmacists play an integral role in preventing drug abuse.