Autism and its causes have been a heavily discussed issue. This study specifically concerns the issue of the use of antidepressants during pregnancy and increased risk of autism spectrum disorders. The study was conducted in Denmark and looked at live births from 1996 to 2005. It looked at the use of SSRIs by the mother before and during pregnancy, autism spectrum disorders that were diagnosed and any other potential confounders.
The results of the study showed that there was no increased risk of autism spectrum disorders associated with use of SSRIs during pregnancy when compared to no SSRI use both before and during pregnancy. While no significant association could be found, based on the upper boundary of the confidence interval relative risk of up to 1.61 could exist. Therefore, the study concluded that more research had to be conducted to determine a conclusive answer.
I found this article interesting because of how much attention is being paid to autism and its potential causes. I think it is extremely important to always do your research before making a claim or even sharing an article on Facebook. So many people are willing to accept inaccurate information, especially if its explains something in their life that was previously unexplainable.
Hviid A, Melbye M, and Pasternak B. Use of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors during Pregnancy and Risk of Autism. N Engl J Med. 2013;369(25): 2406-415.